Please write my essay

The scale so obtained was remodeled by basing the order of the specimens as far as possible upon objective measurements of the characteristic or by employing some means to exaggerate the characteristic to make judgment easier. Letter formation is picked out as being the most im- portant factor in legibility, and receives the values 2, 6, and 10 instead of 1, 3, 5. A specimen is graded by comparing it with the five charts in turn, and assigning a value for each characteristic meas- ured. A total value may be assigned by adding the individual measures. In this way equal weight is given to each char- acteristic measured, with the exception of letter formation, which Freeman considers the fundamental basis of legibility, and, therefore, is given double value. For instance, if a specimen grades low in uniformity of slant and alignment, and high in letter formation and spacing, clearly the please write my essay writer fails in the characteristics which depend on the writing movement, but is successful in the characteristics which depend upon the recognition of the form of the written words. The teacher must in this case direct instruction towards securing a smooth, well co-ordinated movement. Fur- ther, the difference between any two steps is far too great.

It is doubtful that the form of letters should receive twice the value of other characteristics. Attention to spacing, espe- cially the spacing of words, increases the legibility of writing more than attention to the form or regularity of letters.

He concluded that spacing and regularity are more important factors in legibility than form. They believe that their work incorporates the merits of the writing scales described above, and supplies some of their defects. Too wide, too close, or irregu- lar spacings were counted as undesirable. On this basis, 21 teachers and expert penmen, and 4 psychologists ranked 300 specimens selected by chance from 3,550 samples provided by nine schools in New York City. Each judge ranked the three hundred specimens into eight piles three times, once for form, once for movement, and once for spacing. The average rank for each specimen was then determined, and the best and the worst selected as the top and bottom of the scale.

The proper rank that the six intervening samples should have was then determined exactly, and specimens selected whose average iSandiford, Peter. Three scales thus were formed, each containing eight samples in order of merit with approximately equal dif- ferences between them. Arbitrary values of 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 70, 80, 90 were assigned to the eight scale points. It is more accurately and scientifically constructed. It also gives eight qualities instead of only three, permitting a closer grad- ing.

It should prove helpful to the teaching profession, when made available for their use. It remains true, none the less, that a scale for merit please write my essay will prove the most useful one. But it seems sure that the scale of most importance and usefulness is that for general merit. General merit is that for which school grades are oftenest given, in respect to which school systems or classes are oftenest compared, and with which other features of a pupiFs achievements are oftenest related.

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Moreover, only after a scale for general merit has been made can one measure the extent to which legibility, beauty, etc. Further, this difficulty can be largely overcome by practice. The differ- ence between the highest and lowest value given any sample was at first high, averaging in the first can i buy a research paper week 20. By the 15th week this variability was re- duced to 3. A period of such training offers an avenue of approach to the ability to grade expertly in a subject, an ability previously assumed to accompany an expert knowledge of the subject. This im- plies that grading may be considered a field please write my essay more or less by itself. To illustrate: In the subject of writing such a field would have its chief interest in the expert application of standardized units for measuring writing rather than in the psychology or pedagogy of the subject. One objec- tion made by teachers to grading by means of scales is that no two persons get the same results. One must admit that this objection has some merit, but grading by teachers trained until their range of valuation has reached a minimum would certainly beget the respect of all concerned, and would give an excellent basis for the establishment of forms and com- parison of schools, grades and teachers. Such work would also establish many of the favourable and unfavourable points con- cerning a system of schools upon such a basis that there would be no denying them. The average mean variations for the fifteen samples, reduced to the please write my essay terms of the percentile method, are shown in the following table : Judges. It should also be noted that the judges were not practised in the use of the scales. Familiarity with their use reduces the error to nearly one-half. Starch, therefore, concludes that after some practice in the use of the scale the measurements with either scale are from three to four times as accurate as the valuations made by the usual percentile marking system. The experiments described here are sufficient to answer any criticism of writing scales based upon the fact that no two people will obtain the same results by its use. This is the real test of the value of the scale as a useful tool for the educationist. The uses to which either the Thorndike or Ayres scale may be put are manifold. They provide a standard by which our judg- ments of to-day may be compared with our judgments of a month hence, with the certainty that the basis of our judg- ment has not altered in the meantime. More important still, they may be used as a very real help in the work of teaching. The pupil, instead of using a perfect copy impossible of at- tainment, is given the quite possible task of raising his pro- duct best essay writers online one step at a time upon the scale.

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