Legit research paper writing services
Notes interviewing is one of the introspective methods that have been used to date in L2 research to elicit learner strategies along with think-aloud tasks, questionnaires, and diary keeping.
See Matsumoto (1993, 1994) for a detailed discussion of taxonomies of introspective methodologies and verbal-report data in L2 research. Also see Matsumoto (1987,1989, in press) for the role of retrospection in L2 learning processes. They might have already conquered cultural barriers that would otherwise have produced L1-L2 stylistic and perceptual variations. Her research interests and publications are in both LI and L2 research, ranging from Japanese syntax and discourse analysis to second language writing, classroom-based studies, research methods, and learning strategies. Six writers in search of texts: A protocol based study of LI and L2 writing.
Processing professional words: Personal computers and the writing habits of university professors. College Composition and Communication, 36, 317-322.
Language learning: Insights for learners, teachers, and researchers. College Composition and Communication, 32, 400-414. How the writing medium shapes the writing process: Effects of word processing on planning. Managing the complexity of revising across languages. Cultural thought patterns in inter-cultural education. Contrastive rhetorics: Some implications for the writing process.
An overview of second language writing process research. Composing processes of adult ESL learners: A case study. A study of professional and experienced writers revising and editing at the computer and with pen and paper.
Diary studies of second language acquisition: A critical overview.
Journal of the Japan Association for Language Teaching, 9, 17-34. Journal of the Japan Association for Language Teaching, 11, 167-192.
Verbal-report data and introspective methods in second language research: State of the art. Introspection, verbal reports, and second language learning strategy research. Learning strategies in second language acquisition. Language learning strategies: What every teacher should know. A description of the composing processes of college freshmen writers. What unskilled ESL students do as they write: A classroom study of composing. Revision strategies of student writers and experienced adult writers. College Composition and Communication, 31, 378-388 Stallard, C. An analysis coursework research of the writing behavior of good student legit research paper writing services writers. Freshman writers and revision: Results from a survey. The composing processes of advanced ESL students: Six case studies. Theoret Johnson State College Andrea Luna Lyndon State College This action research combined qualitative and quantitative techniques to investigate two different types of writing assignments in an introductory undergraduate legit research paper writing services statistics course. The assignments were written in response to the same set of prompts but in two different ways: homework journal assignments or initial posts to a computer discussion board. A survey at the end of the semester elicited student reactions to writing in a statistics course, as well as to the two different types of writing they were asked to do. A majority of the students felt that the addition of writing to the course was beneficial to their learning.
Student writing was analyzed to identify the types of writing found. Both forms of writing investigated allow students to engage in reflective thinking about statistics and to communicate their questions to their instructor. Both forms of writing helped students to improve their understanding of mathematics and their ability to communicate mathematically. The identification and classification of types of writing found in different kinds of student responses will allow future instructional decisions and point to further research. For many college undergraduates, Introduction to Statistics is a legit research paper writing services scary course. This is true even for the students who one might think would see the study of statistics as useful or interesting, such as sociology or political science majors.
One reason may be that most introductory statistics courses are taught within mathematics departments. Hence, it makes sense to find ways to make the Introduction to Statistics course more interesting and engaging for students. Writing assignments can be intricately tied to applications- oriented methods, in that they often ask students to consider how the concepts they are learning in class apply to the world they live in and then to articulate their understanding in writing. Beins concluded that students who wrote about statistics in lay language acquired better interpretative and computational skills. The range of writing assignments that statistics instructors have used is huge, and it includes term papers, short essays, notes, press releases, position papers, and journals.
The action research presented here combined qualitative and quantitative techniques to investigate two different types of writing assignments in an introductory undergraduate statistics course with an applications-oriented approach. The assignments were written in response to the same set of prompts but in two different ways: as homework journal assignments or as posts to a computer discussion board on do my coursework for me a Blackboard course web site. Student writing was analyzed to identify the types of writing found, and a survey at the end of the semester elicited student reactions to writing in a statistics course, as well as to the two different types of writing they were asked to do. Identifying the types of writing students do in response to these assignments can help determine both the strengths and weaknesses of each as well as the ways in which students are using writing to learn statistics. One reason that the national organizations recommend integrating writing into mathematics and statistics courses is that writing assignments will make students better writers or mathematical communicators, and it is clearly the consensus of the field that statisticians need to be better writers (Beins, 1993).
The more practice students have in writing about statistics, the better statistics writers they will become. Integrating writing into statistics courses, however, is not only important because it gives students practice writing. There are several other reasons that may be just as important. Kathleen Dillon asks her students to do a short piece of anonymous writing at the beginning of her undergraduate statistics courses, specifically about how they feel upon entering a statistics course, as an introduction to a discussion of math anxiety (Dillon, 1982). Their study indicated that these methods did have a statistically significant effect, as shown with pre- and post-test measures of anxiety. According to Pan and Tang (2004), anxiety about learning statistics may be due to a lack of mathematical background or skill, but it may also be due to misunderstandings about what the study of statistics is about (p. Writing about why statistics might be useful, or why it is important to be statistically literate, may help students begin to connect to the subject matter in new ways. Because writing exposes what students can and cannot explain, it also helps us discover what they still need to learn.
The American Statistical Association (2005) recommends written assignments as a way to assess statistical thinking. Articulating thinking in writing, especially in informal writing assignments like learning logs or journals, can help clarify and extend that thinking. Though there are many examples of informal writing as a teaching method in statistics, including journals, learning logs, dialogue journals, and informal writing turned in with homework, one of the two types of assignment in the current study consists of posts on a discussion board, and discussion posts are treated more often as verification of technology use than as a writing assignment in the literature.