I need help writing my essay
OvexdXX, the data show that curriculum integration of academic and career-related learning is occurring in a substantial number of case study high schools. The types of curriculum integration strategies being used vary across case study and non-case study LPs.
The most common strategies used are those O 12 V that require limited amounts of time, thesis help services resources, and collaboration, such as individual teachers developing their own contextual learning i need help writing my essay units or implementing state-provided materials that use contextual learning approaches. Less common strategies that clearly require significant resources include team teaching for academic and career-technical education teachers and block scheduling to create more time for contextual and project-based instruction. Nonetheless, a very positive overall finding about curriculum integration is that it is reaching different kinds of schools and i need help writing my essay students (e. That is, few consistent patterns regarding curriculum integration by school characteristics were observed across LPs, indicating that curriculum integration is not limited to particular types of schools and students. New Graduation Requirements, Standards, and Opportunities for Certification.
As a school reform strategy, STC calls for students to meet higher levels of achievement and skills. This entails establishing rigorous academic and workplace readiness standards and providing opportunities for students to be recognized for attaining important skills. Teachers and administrators believe that changes in graduation or curriculum requirements (e. Across LPs, experienced teachers and administrators from schools with a high level of STC implementation believe that STC can help provide an impetus to raise academic standards. This observation points to the importance of professional development as a means of increasing understanding and support for STC. Not surprisingly, the greatest involvement of ernployers is at the high school level. Employers tend to participate most in low-intensity career awareness activities that require them to invest relatively limited resources. Barriers to employer involvement include lack of employer time and resources, frequent employee turnover, and the corporate bureaucracy that employers and employees must work through to secure permission to participate in STC activities. Despite these barriers, the future of business involvement in STC appears promising. In fact, many employers report they would increase their participation if schools would ask. In contrast to employers, the case study LPs reported very limited involvement by labor organizations in STC activities, possibly reflecting conflicting viewpoints on STC goals. The involvement of community-based organizations (CBOs) in STC shows yet a different pattern. Occasionally CBOs serve as LP leaders, but more often they only have limited presence in STC efforts.
Still, all 13 case study LPs reported at least some involvement with CBOs. Specifically, all 13 LPs report connections to community colleges, either by reference to a specific community college or to community college-based programs such as articulation agreements and dual credit or enrollment agreements.
In contrast, connections with four-year colleges are less common.
Despite the prevalence of secondary-postsecondary relationships, data suggest that many of the relationships reflect pre-STC connections rather than new, innovative strategies (such as K-16 sequencing) and are difficult to attribute directly to STC as opposed to other initiatives such custom essay cheap as Tech Prep or University of California A-G admissions requirements.
However, findings indicate that STC does provide a rationale and structure that can support existing connections between secondary and postsecondary institutions. Specifically, administrators and teachers believe that STC can serve as a catalyst or vehicle for forging connections between secondary and postsecondary education and that STC may be changing student attitudes about going to college.
Most students in this study appear to be confident about reaching their career goals irrespective of their STC participation. Students generally report that STC activities have made school more interesting and helped them understand the importance of excelling in their studies. Career awareness activities, in particular, can play an important role in helping students see the value of high academic achievement. Moreover, findings from the PLUS studies indicate that STC participation can have positive effects on student attendance as well. That is, across LPs, STC participation was found not to systematically affect preparation for postsecondary education, enrollment in postsecondary education, or employment after graduation.
An examination of individual PLUS case study data, however, indicates that some LPs found positive effects were foxmd using analytic models with variables specific to that LP, or analyses that examined outcomes separately for some groups. Thus, there is suggestive evidence that STC may have a positive effect on preparation for postsecondary education.
For example, in two PLUS LPs, students who self-reported participating in a career-focused curriculum had a greater likelihood of fulfilling the University of i need help writing my essay California A-G admissions requirements compared to those who did not report participation.