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He subordinates the sense of right to the existing average of propriety, when he limits the sphere of Conscientiousness, practically, to this world. At the risk of seeming to elaborate — what many will The real issue of course admit at once — the priority of before the en-. Let men see what the "Broad Christianity" to which they are invited implies morally.
Intellectually, it would aim destruction at all Creeds and Doctrines, — reckless of the fact that to deny Christianity as a "theology of the intellect 5 " is to banish it from the realm of truth. It would also, as we have seen, reject its " Historical character q ," and so consign it, after due "criticism," to the region of fable. They would remove our Chris- tianity from its lofty Moral eminence also. The Soul, and its future, they set aside : and, reversing the in- junction alike of Moses and St. Paul, bid men "follow n In the " Republic" — where the Individual is utterly crushed. It might be omitted, urged, and truly, that Society is bound to protect itself against the aberrations of some, and the moral obliquity of others.
For there still remains, all the more firmly esta- blished by these very considerations, what may be termed the substratum of Will to be dealt with, in every man. The proof, indeed, that it makes its appeal to our Moral nature is accessible to every man who will r Exod. Man is so far intended by nature to be a " Self- Of Man as a governing" being, that his highest Moral self-governing.
All external governments are no doubt inherently im- perfect, (except that of the Divine Being,) when thus considered as restraints on Individual Will and Power, in the manifestation of which Moral Agency consists.
How deep a Moral confusion, then, must enter into the speculation of theorists who transfer the great Moral work of human life, formally, from the Indi- vidual to the Government! And this is what these "New Nationalists" would do. Man is not only capable of originating action, but he is so con- stituted as to know that help on writing a research paper he ought to originate it, in accordance with some anterior and unchangeable prin- ciples of truth and righteousness. But his Respon- sibility as a citizen is at present regulated by ever- mutable law. A man, for instance, is truly enough said to be u obliged" by the laws of the country help on writing a research paper or illustrations: society to which he belongs. He is in such wise " responsible " to the laws, that if he violates them he incurs punishment. This kind of responsibility has nothing certainly Moral in it. This Political Responsibility no doubt ought to be Moral i. SociaL limited in their nature in help on writing a research paper every respect, ) may have customs, habits, and rules, which infer more or less of obligation on the members. Physical, in some sense, be also affirmed of the Phy- sical. A " law of Nature " cannot be broken with impunity. Yet in this case also the consequence follows absolutely, whether our inward Consciousness accompanies it or not.
But, viewed relatively to the Individual him- self, this certainly is not enough.
We must conceive, then, that the forming and perfecting of the character of each Moral Agent, for his attainment of the Highest Good, is the end of help on writing a research paper present Probation. But it may be well to add that, prone as we are Relation of the to crave for something less changeable Individual to the. Knowing, as the Chris- tian does, the need which Conscience has of illumination RELATIONS OF CONSCIENCE AND SOCIETY. Mill t can afford to risk entire freedom for the intellect, we may at least maintain that Conscience may be equally trusted. But there is one further aspect of the subject, and bearing directly on Political Kesponsibility, which must not in this place be omitted. And nothing which has been said ought to cast doubt on the solemn fact, that the State has such duties. To put the question in more philosophical terms, — it amounts to an enquiry into the Mutual Eelations of the Individual Conscience, and the Society of which it is a member. It is evident that these relations are subject to change, as civilization advances.
It must be remem- bered too, that the human individual is intended at all times to develope in Society, — a fact which of itself implies duties of the whole to the parts, as well as of the parts to the whole. But the laws of the Society and the convictions of the Individual having thus, alike, an ethical basis, must be judged ethically. In the best conceivable polity a law would always be moral, — i. We cannot even conceive of the permanent existence of a system of law condemned by every individual conscience. The de jure relation of law and morals is therefore assumed in such passages as St. A large class of Mixed questions, connected with per- sonal and domestic rights, — such as Education, Mar- riage, Inheritance, Service, — may long need for their settlement the exercise of political patience. In the meantime, if the Church be free to inculcate her divine principles, — which bear on all social subjects directly or indirectly, — the majority of individual con- sciences will be so elevated to the Christian standard, that the Law and Morality of the State will become necessarily Christian. Appeal to History in behalf of 1 Broad Christianity Having traced the character and pretensions of this The Appeal to projected " Multitudinism " thus far, and History. But as History has been very confidently invoked w , we have no option.