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California Department of Education (CDE) Several non-case study LPs report that a variety of CDE-sponsored events (e.
In addition, several non-case study help in writing essays LPs report that CDE staff have advised them on funding opportunities and help in writing essays provided general consultation and direction as needed (on request). Employment Development Department (EDD) Overall, non-case study LPs credit EDD staff for helping to set up evaluations, providing very helpful technical assistance and program support when needed (especially related to budget and data collection issues), serving on advisory committees, help in writing essays and suggesting strategies for sustainability. O 45 21 CHAPTER IV CAREER DEVELOPMENT ACTIVITIES AND PROGRAMS The first major research question that guided this evaluation was: What is the status of STC implementation in California? To address this question in part, we sought to detemaine the degree to which schools in case study LPs are offering Various types of career development activities and programs. In the section on career awareness, we discuss the prevalence of low-intensity STC activities such as career fairs, college visits, and field trips to businesses.
These types of activities provide students with brief exposure to postsecondary education and employment options. Section two of this chapter discusses WBL, which is a form of career exploration. The overall goal of WBL is to provide students with the opportunity to go out into the workplace to explore various career options. WBL varies in form and intensity, ranging fi"om brief visits to work sites — with very little connection to what students are learning in school — to paid youth apprenticeships that are the culmination of a coherent sequence of career-related coursework.
These are the most intensive STC activities and programs, providing students with ongoing, concentrated STC experiences.
Typically, students enrolled in these types of programs select an area of focus (e.
Also included in this section is a discussion about the progression of activities across grade levels and barriers that inhibit the implementation of career development activities and programs. Moreover, these activities can be a crucial first step in helping students to set future goals.
An examination of these patterns related to career help in writing essays awareness activities suggests that teachers at the elementary level may be capitalizing on relationships with individual employers to deliver career awareness information (e.
It is important to note that not all schools within each LP responded to the Administrator Survey. Therefore, percentages in tables related to this survey are based on the schools that responded. For each LP, the number of schools responding (N) is provided. Outside speakers, career self- exploration, teacher- or counselor-facilitated career exploration, and curriculum units about one or more industries or occupations were more commonplace at this level than watching films about careers, field trips to work sites, or career fairs. Moreover, when examining data related to activities that are offered at all three levels (e. Some WBL activities involve one-day site visits to businesses, while others require participating in activities at a work- site over an extended period of time. In some instances, WBL activities are tied directly to what a student is learning in school, while in other cases, there is no link to the curriculum.
Box II below provides some examples of strategies that LPs have used to create WBL opportunities for students.
The program includes two key components: an annual job shadow event and a summer internship program. The LP partners with Junior Achievement to organize Groundhog Job Shadow Day. Last year the LP had over 3000 students who job shadowed in 80 different companies. The LP also recruits companies willing to host student internships.
Prior to each industry day, schools identify students interested in careers within the industry. On the industry day, the selected students go to workshops where they hear various speakers who work within the industry. They attend a Ixmcheon where they have an opportunity to talk with professionals in the industry. Then they visit a work site where they get to learn more about the specific careers within the industry. Because funds are no longer available to transport students to job shadow locations, one LP in the Los Angeles area (East San Gabriel) is now connecting students and employers via e-mail for virtual job shadow experiences. The employers involved in the virtual job shadow experiences often become mentors to the students. WestEd and MPR Associates, White Paper, June 23, 2000, p. The next section of this report will discuss the prevalence of career-focused curricula in case study LPs. Career Academies The major goal of a career academy (which is one form of career-focused curricula), is to provide a learning environment that institutionalizes comprehensive STC activities and exposes students to career-related coursework and work experience — without reducing exposure to academic core courses. A basic premise underlying the creation of academy programs is that encouraging students to have a career focus will ultimately enhance engagement in learning.
California Partnership Academies, in particular, target an at-risk population. Currently there are 260 California Partnership Academies, many of which are in the case study LPs. Despite the belief in the value of academies for at-risk students, the academy concept has broadened in reCent years. Now, academies attract a wide range of students, many of whom are high academic performers who are motivated to attend postsecondary institutions. Proponents of academies agree that these educational programs can serve many different groups of students. Just choosing a vocational, occupational, or technical course is not equivalent to choosing a career major pathway. Tech Prep Tech Prep is an important STC strategy focused on helping students make the connection between school and employment.
Tech Prep is the name given to programs that offer at least four years of sequential course work at the secondary and postsecondary levels to prepare help in writing essays students for technical careers. Other Tech Prep combinations are also available, depending on local consortium arrangements. Tech Prep is designed to build student competency in academic subjects and to provide broad technical preparation in a career area.
Course work integrates academic and career-technical subject matter and may provide opportunities for dual enrollment in academic and career-technical courses at secondary and postsecondary institutions. The number of high schools offering career academies varies dramatically across LPs and ranges from a low of 1 (in 3 LPs) to a high of 32 (in 1 LP). While 9 LPs have fewer than 10 high schools with academies, 4 LPs report that academies are available in at least 1 6 high schools in their region. While 9 LPs have fewer than 10 high schools with California Partnership Academies, 4 LPs report having at least 19 of these programs. Moreover, data indicate that these intensive programs are only available in about one-third of high schools completing the Administrator Survey.
Sierra Regional 1 2 1 4 Sonoma 1 1 1 10 UNITE-LA 32 81 32 32 Ventura 8 13 6 17 Verdugo 5.
California Partnership Academies are career academies funded by state grants and have specific funding and student selection requirements.