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Then, in year 2, return visits were made to 33 of the original 36 schools and first visits made to three new schools that replaced those withdrawing from the case-study sample. In the third and final year of the pilot, reflecting the change in the emphasis of the research towards drawing out the lessons of EPD to inform thinking at large on professional development, the criteria for the case studies was changed. The case- study sample was then re-selected on the basis of their EPD practices as stated in the questionnaires completed by their teachers in the second year of the pilot.
Ten of the original case-study schools remained part of the sample and were visited again in this third year, and 26 new schools were chosen. Case-study interviewees Interviews in the case-study schools were conducted with the following. Over the course of the evaluation, interviews were carried out with 555 people involved with the EPD scheme. Table 1 presents a breakdown of EPD interviewees according to their role. Following this, Table 2 sets out the number of second and third year teachers interviewed in the case-study primary, secondary and special schools.
This involved attendance at ten full-day courses and six twilight sessions attended by EPD teachers. Of these 16 professional development sessions, 13 had been staged specifically for EPD teachers and three were courses that were open to all teachers. Notes were made during the observations and handouts collected, but the researcher played no direct part in events. The EPD questionnaire survey In order to canvass the views of a large number of participants in the EPD scheme, a postal questionnaire survey was conducted, the target of which was EPD teachers and their mentors. The EPD survey sample The EPD questionnaire survey was longitudinal. In the first year of the pilot, the survey concentrated on second year teachers and good essay writing website their mentors only. This cohort of second year teachers was then followed through into year 2 of the pilot and surveyed as third year teachers. In addition, in year 2, a new cohort of second year teachers was picked up and surveyed. For year 3, these second year teachers were tracked through into their third year of teaching, and another new cohort of second year teachers was included. Table 4 illustrates the progression of the cohorts during the evaluation.
The target set for each cohort comprised 1,600 teachers and mentors, as shown in Table 5.
Therefore, good essay writing website when selecting schools from which to take the teachers and mentors for the survey sample, the original rationale was to include roughly equivalent numbers of schools per LEA.
The 12 pilot authorities very kindly provided details of all participating EPD teachers and their mentors. From this, it was calculated that the required sample sizes could be reached by including a target of 29 primaries and ten secondaries per LEA. As five authorities did not contain good essay writing website the required number of schools, the shortfall was made up by oversampling in the larger LEAs. In years 2 and 3, when new cohorts of second year teachers were added to the sample, they were taken from the same schools as the third year teachers, wherever possible. The design of the EPD questionnaires For years 1 and 2 of the evaluation, four survey instruments were devised: primary teacher questionnaire, secondary teacher, primary mentor and secondary mentor.
In the June and July of each year, reminder letters and faxes were sent, and telephone calls made, to non-respondents.
Appendix 2 presents details of the response rates for all three years of the pilot broken down by the instrument type used. The characteristics of the EPD survey respondents EPD teacher survey respondents The characteristics of the EPD teacher survey respondents for all three years of the pilot are presented in Table 6. In years 2 and 3, both second and third year teachers and mentors were included.
These items were removed in the third and final year of the evaluation in order to make the survey instruments shorter. Full details of the characteristics of the EPD teacher survey respondents are given in Appendix 3. In brief though, in the first year of the evaluation, the greatest proportion of EPD teachers responding to the survey (44 per cent) was aged 25 years or younger. The year 2 EPD teacher sample was, on average, older, most likely because of the inclusion of third year teachers, with the greatest proportion (38 per cent) aged 26-30. Upwards of 90 per cent of EPD teacher survey respondents were white, with small numbers of Black African, Indian, Black Caribbean, Pakistani, Bangladeshi and Chinese.
In the first and second years good essay writing website of the evaluation, representatives of all subject specialisms were part of the EPD teacher survey samples. The most common specialism at primary level was literacy, and at secondary level, sciences. Both years, there was a significant difference between primary and secondary teacher respondents in terms of their additional duties in school. For the overwhelming majority of these primary teachers, this involved the coordination of a subject area.
In year 2 of the evaluation, when third year teachers became part of the EPD survey sample, a breakdown of the data by year of teaching showed that markedly more third year teachers (80 per cent) than their second year counterparts (67 per cent) held extra responsibilities.
EPD mentor survey respondents The characteristics of the EPD mentor survey respondents for all three years of the pilot are presented in Table 7.
This was not thought to be the result of a bias in the response rates towards primary mentors (after year 1 , the response rates were even for primary and secondary mentors - see Appendix 2). Rather, the basis of selection for the mentor sample was good essay writing website to include the mentors of all the teachers in the EPD teacher sample. Therefore, the smaller number of the secondary mentors reflects the fact that mentors in secondary schools worked with a greater number of mentees than their primary counterparts (see section 4.