Essay writing help for students

However, the adverb that causes the most errors is not a typical -ly form.

Well is commonly confused with its adjective counterpart, good. In the following sentence, good describes the noun pasta: The pasta you made last night was good. In the following sentence, good describes the verb played, which is incorrect: I played good in the basketball game. The correct word to use in such instances is the adverb well. They are often used to show a relationship of space or time.

Examples The box on your desk is your birthday present.

The first sentence uses the preposition on to describe the spatial essay writing help for students relationship between the box and the desk.

The second sentence uses the preposition after to describe the time relationship between holiday and birthday. On your desk and after your birthday are prepo- sitional phrases. Common Prepositions aboard about above after among around at before behind below beneath beside between by except for from in inside into like of off on outside over to under up upon until with within www. Using them unnecessarily Because it is so important in your essay to get to the point concisely, unnecessary prepositions should be avoided. Remember that when two or more prepositions are used together, chances are at least one is unnecessary. Poor form: I cleaned up under the kitchen cabinets.

Poor form: They looked outside of the house for the lost cat.

Good form: They looked outside the house for the lost cat. Confusing prepositional phrases Certain words must always be followed by certain prepositions. These necessary prepositions are always used in combination with their respective supported words. Below are two examples of required prepositions — the preposition is in italics and the supported word is underlined. Common prepositional phrases: account for agree upon angry with argue about compare to correspond with differ from different than identical to independent of interested in speak with Alternate Endings Of all the rules governing prepositions, none is more famous than: Never end a sentence with a preposition! While this rule holds true for many situations, it is not an absolute. It is per- fectly acceptable to end a sentence with a preposition, especially in your essay, if it makes the sentence flow better.

What would the statement sound like if you kept — or dropped — the prepo- sition? Does it sound like you, or does it sound like a college professor? Prepositions should not be used in an attempt to add importance or weight to your writing. Here are some acceptable and unacceptable examples. Note that the unacceptable sentences could be improved simply by dropping the preposition at the end. A dangling participle is a phrase or clause with a verb ending in -ing that does not refer to the subject of the sentence it modifies. Since it is so critical that your reader understand your point easily and exactly, dangling modifiers (and indeed any ambiguous language) must be avoided.

Incorrect: While practicing outside with the soccer team, the noisy construc- tion job distracted Jim. Correct: While Jim was practicing outside with the soccer team, he was dis- tracted by the noisy construction job. OR The noisy construction job distracted Jim while he was practicing outside with the soccer team. The danger of misplaced modifiers, as with dangling modifiers, is that essay writing help for students they confuse meaning. Incorrect: I had to have the cafeteria unlocked meeting with student govern- ment this morning. Correct: Meeting with student government this morning, I had to have the cafeteria unlocked.

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NOUN AND VERB AGREEMENT Nouns and verbs must agree in number, meaning a singular noun takes a singular verb, and a plural noun takes a plural verb. To achieve subject-verb agreement, first determine whether your subject is singular or plural, and then pair it with the correct verb form. Correct: Tim and Fran are a great couple, (plural subject takes plural verb) Incorrect: One of my friends are going to your school. Correct: One of my friends is going to yourt school, (singular subject takes singular verb) Agreement may be difficult to determine when the noun follows the verb. Common exam- ples include sentences that begin with there is and there are , and here is and here are. When editing your work, remember to first determine whether your subject is singular or plural, and then match it to the correct verb. Incorrect: There is too many meetings scheduled on Tuesday morning. Correct: There are too many meetings scheduled on Tuesday morning. Incorrect: Here are the report you asked me to write. Not only is the active voice clearer and more direct, but it conveys your meaning more eas- ily. In the active voice, you literally become the source, or cause, of the action. In the passive voice, the subject (most often you) is acted upon. Sentences written in the pas- sive voice tend to be too wordy, or lack focus. For these reasons, it should be used only when necessary. The good news is that passive-voice errors are easy to omit from your writing.

Compare these sentences: Active: My friend asked for another helping.

Passive: Another helping was asked for by my friend. Active: essay writing help for students The administration has selected three finalists for the open position. Passive: Three finalists for the open position have been selected by the admin- istration. Note the simplicity and directness of the first sentence in each pair. The second sentences, written in the passive voice, are clunky and noticeably longer. The two most common mistakes at the sentence level are extremes. SENTENCE FRAGMENTS A sentence fragment is a group of words that, although punctuated as a sentence, does not express a complete thought. Fragments are often missing a subject or verb, and may be dependent clauses. Fragments also can be phrases or parts of other sentences. RUN-ON SENTENCES A run-on sentence is made up of two or more independent clauses or complete sentences placed together into one sentence without proper punctuation.

Examples We were hungry and John was tired so we had to stop at the first rest area that we saw. Break up the run-on sentence into two or more complete sentences. Use a comma and a conjunction (and, or, nor, for, so, but, yet) to set apart an independent clause. Break up the sentence by inserting a semi colon between two clauses. Add a dependent clause (use words such as because, after, since, and while). For instance, when describing an event in the past, all verbs should be in the past tense.

This seems like an obvious point, but tense shifts account for a large share of grammatical errors. Examples Incorrect: When we finished our lunch, we decide to take a walk. Correct: When we finished our lunch, we decided to take a walk. Incorrect: Last year the governor said he is campaigning for our candidate. Correct: Last year the governor said he would campaign for our candidate. OR Last year the governor said he was campaigning for our candidate. TAKE NOTE There are more negatives than just the obvious no, not, never, neither, and nor.

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