Doctoral thesis writing
A single sen- tence conveys an objection the answer doctoral thesis writing to which must, if complete, extend to several pages.
But we will now enter upon a larger field of inter- pretation.
The Essayist has given us one interpreta- tion of a prophetic chapter. It is a chapter in the interpretation of which all our deeper feelings of Christianity are so intimately interwoven that a re- ligious man might be expected to approach it with reverence, and if the force of evidence compelled him to give up the old and Christian interpretation of that chapter, he would announce his change of view, if not with sadness, at least with gravity and sobriety. The last thing which a religious man would be expected to doctoral thesis writing do with the 53rd chapter of Isaiah would be to play with its interpretation — as if it were a matter of utter indifference whether a vital prophecy were en- tirely irrelevant or not to the mission of the Ee- deemer of the world. We are not to be led by our preconceived notions, but at all events a religious heart might be expected to part with some of the most striking evidences of our faith with some regret. And truly, when the question concerns a prophecy tion. Now if either of these interpretations, — that which makes collective Israel the subject of the prophecy, as Dr. Williams appears to believe, or that which makes Jeremiah, as Bunsen maintains, — were proved to fulfil the prophecy in some sense, it would be no proof that it was not intended in a fuller and higher sense to describe the Messiah. But the truth is that if the prophecy be taken as a whole, there are insuperable objections to both these interpretations, which it suits Dr. Williams to ignore, that he may throw a little dust in the eyes of those who are un- fortunate enough to lean on him as an interpreter of Scripture. Great humiliation, and that voluntary, and undergone by an innocent man for the benefit of others, and the most lofty exaltation, these are the characteristics of the subject of that prophecy. It is quite true that once Jeremiah was taken from a a When our Lord was silent before Pilate "insomuch that the governor marvelled," no specific reference is made to the passage, but the prophecy flashes on our minds at once.
The interpretation fails in a cardinal point, and the Jews themselves have given it up. Williams will read their liturgies he will see that they still retain it in reality. Let b This translation is generally discarded now, so that even this trifling coincidence is nullified.
It is true that Jeremiah appears to have wished to intercede for the Jews, and the Essayist refers to Jer. Let a cry be heard from their houses, when Thou shalt bring a troop suddenly upon them : for they have digged a pit to take me, and hid snares for my feet. But I was like a lamb or an ox that is brought to the slaughter.
And doctoral thesis writing if Jeremiah when Pashur cast him into the dungeon, broke out into loud lamentations on his misfortune, AND DR.
I speak not of the Christian sentiment only, but I simply ask what shall we think of an exegesis which can refer to passages like Jer. But on the contrary, there runs through his whole life the very inmost (die innigste) intercession for the transgressors! It is true that one half of a verse of Isaiah appears to be fulfilled by the declaration of Jeremiah that he is " led as a lamb or an ox to the slaughter," but the slightest amount of attention, one would think, would have sufficed to shew that such a fulfilment utterly contradicted the rest of the verse! The sheep of Isaiah is dumb and opens not its mouth, but Jeremiah utters loud complaints not un- mixed with denunciations! We doctoral thesis writing are now entitled to ask where the prejudiced view lies? With Baron Bunsen who is determined that the prophecy shall be no prophecy, or with us who believe the pro- phecy, and find its fulfilment where the Church of Christ has found it for 1800 years? But above all, how can Bunsen dare to say that throughout the life of Jeremiah he was constantly interceding for the transgressors?
And this absurd spe- culation, which scarcely deserves a refutation, gains for the author from Dr. Williams the high praise of being from the hand of a master! The English and the argument of this sentence are nearly on a par, but it is useless to cavil about trifles when such momentous questions are at issue.
The discrepancies between the history of Jeremiah and the words of the prophecy are so manifest, that Saadias Gaon has found few followers till Bunsen revived this palpable controversial device. Even Abar- banel himself, one of the most bitter opponents of Christianity among the Jews, says, " In truth I do not see even one verse that can prove the truth of its application to him.
His notions of a masterly exposition and a " proof" are so manifestly peculiar, that we must conceive these words to belong to a private doctoral thesis writing vocabulary of the English language in use at Lampeter, but not current elsewhere. His words are these : — " Still the general analogy of the Old Testament which makes collective Israel, or the prophetic remnant d , especially the servant of Jehovah, and the comparison of chaps, xlii. If he does, Iris character for critical acumen will scarcely survive such palpable incongruities!
And this, it is to be observed, is the criticism of a man who thinks he is not interpreting a prophecy, but an historical narrative, where a writer would describe events without ambiguity. But these vacillations are trifles compared with the assertion that the interpretation now in favour with the Jews is the "oldest interpretation. And though Origen informs us that in a dispute with learned Jews one of them attempted to evade the force of this prophecy by such an interpretation, this is very slender evidence that they generally accepted it, even then.