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Since their interest was in becoming trained, students with this orientation tended to work hard on the course while they could see its relevance to their chosen career. At the Open University students are sometimes thinking not of a future career but of a current one:... As we see here, this category is characterized by vocational concerns and an intrinsic interest in the course.
Vocational orientation — extrinsic (Qualification) Some of the Surrey students, rather than studying the course as a training, were interested in qualification aspects of getting the degree. These students were concerned about getting through the course and S ailing at the end. It mattered to them that a qualification was recognized y the profession they aspired to. Some students had investigated how far the grade of degree mattered in gaining a job and on that basis decided W much work they would do on the course. Some custom paper writers students decide that frades are unimportant to them. And so you could say that it is 174 the experience of learning not that important. The orientation a student has helps to explain pay someone to write my term paper the differential effort put into studying by different students. The above student, for example, did little beyond the minimum requirements of the assessment system. Given his aim — to get a degree in order to get a particular kind of job, and his belief that the grade of degree would not matter — the amount of effort he was willing to make, is understandable. However, the expectation for many of them was that the degree would help them in promotion. To get into this apex (top of the hierarchy) is going to be quite hard.
For this student, the choice of degree subjects was only important because the employer had to be able to see the relevance of these courses to the job. However, for those students who were hoping that the degree would qualify them to start a new career, the choice of course was less important and often a hit or miss affair. This was particularly so for women with young children. So I want something so I can go and get a decent job. Personal orientation — intrinsic (Broadening) This category is characterized by students who are personally orientated and interested in being tested or improving themselves as individuals. The intrinsically interested student is concerned more with the broadening effect of education and is using university study as a means of changing. In the course and all the other sides of university life these students look for stimulation and challenge, they are only concerned with the content of the course, insofar as they can see its usefulness as a vehicle for change and personal development. This personal orientation is very common among Open University students and at Surrey University among mature students.
For these students, the incentive to join the university comes often a feeling of frustration with their life. I like looking after the house and the baby and that sort of thing, but somehow I wanted to do something else.
The importance of the course to these students concerned how it might change them as people making them more able to cope with life and making them more interesting people. They saw their study as purely of personal significance. Again, the choice of course was almost irrelevant and was likely to be ohosen by means of elimination of alternatives rather than by positive Choice. These students hoped that the social science course would help their understanding of everyday life.
The broadening aims were summed Up in their response to questions about their expectations of the course ftnd what they expected to gain from it. Wall I except a better Insight into the way other people — I think one tends to be very custom paper writers biased — you live your own life and that is the way it la. Being at home it is easy just to go to coffee mornings and just to watch play school which are all right in themselves but it is not the end. Personal orientation — extrinsic (Compensation) Extrinsic personal orientation is seen most clearly where students are doing the course to test their own capability. They want to find out if they are capable of a degree and if so, to what level. These students are more concerned with grades and feedback than about the content of the course. It can be seen as a sort of compensation for the lack of further education in the past. Open University study is hoped to prove to themselves and to other people that they are capable of higher education. Social orientation This category is characterized by students who appear to have social aims which influence the way they go about working: Put it this way, I would have gone to university anyway — it was irrelevant which course.
The outside activities that I do — (radio and film unit and sport) are very important. There is a lot to custom paper writers do outside and in some respects I tend to put off work because of them. But students often have aspects of vocational or academic orientations as well. Social orientation seems to affect the decisions students make about how to spend their time and may mean that the course is allocated a certain percentage of the available time and social activities the rest. However, lome students place a high priority on tutorials because these provide an Opportunity to meet people.
The university life at a conventional University does, in contrast to this, provide numerous social activities, and at Surrey some students appeared to have these things in mind when they decided to apply to university. In Chapter 3, the concepts of approaches to studying and conceptions of foaming were introduced. These two concepts can be linked together with the concept of educational orientation to provide a framework for 178 THE EXPERIENCE OF LEARNING understanding student essay help what a student gets out of a course. He is in his early forties married with two children.
This seemed like a fairly good way to have another attempt. His main orientation seemed to be an academic extrinsic one and he described how he hoped to do the work quickly. There were also, however, hints of vocational intrinsic orientation where he talked about why he had chosen to study social sciences. In our first interviews, besides orientation to learning, we also asked John what he thought learning consisted of. He replied as follows: John: I would say assimilation of common sense in relation to the course I was doing.
Common sense which was related to sociology — as opposed to sort of parrot-fashion learning. John: Well it seems custom paper writers to me there are various theories which I found when I looked at the block in relation to unemployment, crime, there are various yard sticks social laws and rules of thumb that can apply, statistics, and these are obviously the basic guidelines In relation to those problems and one needs to know howto apply them and what they are.