Coursework history

I have heard, on the authority of private friends, that in his last hours he was cheered and supported by the words of the old German hymn, " Jesu, meine Zuversicht d ," — " Jesus, my trust. F 66 BUNSEN, THE CRITICAL SCHOOL, the Gesang und Gebethuch of Baron Bunsen and his criticisms : — " Either reverence or deference may- have prevented him from bringing his prayers into entire harmony with his criticisms. Williams, however, evidently rests his claim to ce- lebrity on coursework history the brilliancy of his Biblical researches. And indeed, this Essay on Bunsen has brought forward in the strongest manner other questions, com- pared with which, the reputation of any man, how- ever eminent, is insignificant.

It may be convenient briefly to state the nature AND DR. L The state of opinion as to the Scriptures among the coursework history learned men of Germany. And Baron Bunsen, accepting this state of the ques- tion e , is highly praised by Dr.

Williams for endea- vouring on this hypothesis to shew that the doctrine of the Bible contains divine truths.

In fact, he agrees in details with no writer of eminence whatever, but simply considers himself at liberty to assign any date to any book of the Bible, to explain any part of it as legendary or para- bolical, and to correct its authors on all questions in the most arbitrary manner. It would be easy to multiply these instances to any extent, but it is needless — as needless as to refute such gratuitous assertions and suppositions in detail. Were every one of them proved impossible, their author would have been ready the next day with another list, just as gratuitous, just as unfounded, and just as absurd. Williams relates to the interpretation of prophecy in our country.

I propose, in the second place, coursework history to examine this statement. I then propose to examine in detail the mis- representations of Dr. Williams in regard to particular passages of Scripture. The first and greatest misrepresentation on which I would remark occurs in a passage which has just been quoted, but it pervades also the whole Essay. It is the attempt to insinuate, rather than to assert, that the opinion of the genuineness of the Old Testament and a very large part of the New has been universally given up by the scholars of Germany, and that they have proved that it cannot be maintained.

The con- temptuous language with which an opposite view is treated may be judged of by the following specimen. After an enumeration of all the triumphs of phi- lology over prophecy, by which only a few doubtful passages are left to testify of the Messiah and one of the final fall of Jerusalem, and a declaration that even these few cases are likely to melt, "if not already melted, in the crucible of searching enquiry," the author proceeds thus :— " If our German had ignored all that the masters of phi- lology have proved on these subjects, his countrymen would have raised a storm of ridicule, at which he must have drowned himself in the Neckar. But the representation here given of the state of sacred philology is so utterly unlike the reality, that one wonders how any person of the acquirements and knowledge of Dr. It must be supposed, by those who read it without the means of correcting the statements by an enquiry into German criticism, that the philologists of Germany have made the spuriousness of the books of the Old Testament so apparent, and have so con- futed the older notions about prophecy, that no man, who had any regard for his reputation as a scholar, would venture to maintain the antiquity and genuine- ness of the Pentateuch, or express a belief in the existence of prophecies which in former ages were appealed to in proof of the great truths of Christianity.

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In short, that if a man maintained that Moses wrote the Pentateuch or Isaiah prophesied of Christ, he would be met by " a storm of ridicule" under which life would be intolerable. I fear, if all who venture, notwithstanding the sneers of Dr. Williams, to main- tain these opinions, were to follow his prescription, the channel of the Neckar would soon be choked up. But the result of the discussion has been of a very different character from that which Dr. The defenders of the old opinions are now more than maintaining their ground against the impugners of the truth of Scripture. Do Keil, and Havernick, Heng- stenberg and Delitzsch, Lange and his coadjutors in his Bibelwerk, Tholuck and Lechler, with many others of similar powers, find it necessary to " drown them- selves in the Neckar," or to hide their heads in privacy? It is easy enough to make such an assertion in the pages of a volume addressed to general readers in England, but if the assertion had been college research paper writers made in Berlin, it would probably have raised so great " a storm of ridicule," that the author would have been glad to find himself at Lampeter again. The tide has turned, and although some writers of great philological at- tainments, like Ewald and Hupfeld, maintain the rationalist opinions with all the violence which seems a natural inheritance of rationalism, yet the prevailing tone is conservative, and that in a degree which is constantly increasing f. Williams calls a " destructive" pro- cess, the rationalist authorities were in agreement, or at least, not in direct i need someone to write my research paper contradiction to each other, f It is a significant fact that the clever and eloquent sermons of L. Harms, who assails the rationalists continually, and gives them no quarter, have been eagerly listened to by crowds, and created an unexampled sensation throughout the kingdom of Hanover. But when you examine their opinions, you find that they seem to agree in nothing except a determination to reject the theory- of the truth help with writing essay of Scripture.

And the consequence is that their theories are often, not only divergent, but contradictory and coursework history mutually de- structive.

There are among these writers three who have done considerable service in certain departments of Hebrew philology, I mean Gesenius, Ewald, and Hupfeld, and I am very glad to avail myself of the fruit of their labours, but when they begin to reason on the books of Scripture, I find it necessary to watch every assertion with the utmost vigilance, almost every step. Such accusations are not to be lightly made, and therefore I invite any person who doubts its truth, to examine the list of words brought for- ward by Gesenius and Hartmann g in order to prove Deuteronomy later than the rest of the Pentateuch : he will find that six of the ten instances do occur where they are said not to be found. Or let him examine the phrases said to be peculiar coursework history to the Elohist in Genesis 11 , and he will find them in passages where g See Gesenius, Geschichte der Hebraischen Sprache und Schrift, p.

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